Infertility is a problem that affects numerous couples, and in about 50% of all cases, the inability to conceive is caused by female health issues. The success of the treatment largely depends on the accuracy of the diagnosis and selection of the right medications. Fortunately, these days there exists a wide range of both natural and synthetic infertility treatments so it’s possible to overcome the problem and achieve the desired pregnancy. In this article, you will find out more about some treatment options as researched and recommended by Canadian pharmacies.
Infertility in women and its causes
Before treating female infertility, it is important to understand the cause of the problem, as they can differ from one person to another. When it comes to the reasons for the development of female infertility, the most common ones involve the ovulation problems, uterus or fallopian tubes damage, or cervix problems. Another factor that is natural but should also be mentioned is the fact that female fertility decreases with age.
Some of the factors that can cause the development of ovulation problems in women may include:
- The presence of ovarian cysts
- Hormonal imbalance
- Thyroid gland problems
- Physical activity that leads to the excessive loss of weight
- Eating disorders
When it comes to the uterus or fallopian tubes damage, it can be caused by one or several problems, such as:
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Polyps, adhesion or scar tissue in the area of uterus or fallopian tubes
- A previous ectopic pregnancy
In addition to that, abnormal cervical mucus can become the cause of infertility, as it makes it difficult or even impossible for the sperm to reach the egg.
Because there are a number of health issues that can lead to infertility, the first step is to undergo a physical examination and tests to determine which of the mentioned factors are at play. Depending on the medical history, a woman may be prescribed to undergo the following procedures:
- Pelvic and breast examinations
- Blood and/or urine tests
- Examination of the cervical mucus
- Abdominal or vaginal ultrasound (uterus and ovaries)
- Hysteroscopy, and some others
Natural infertility treatments and their benefits
Infertility is not a new problem so it’s not surprising that there exist a wide range of natural and organic treatments. The supplements containing natural ingredients can be as effective as the synthetic options but it’s important to choose the ones that will be beneficial in your particular case. The two widely used infertility treatments that should be mentioned are Vitex and Maca.
Vitex (chaste tree berry) is a herb that is traditionally used for the treatment of hormonal imbalances in women of different ages. According to the clinical research, Vitex is an effective supplement that helps deal with irregular ovulation (one of the most common causes of infertility), amenorrhea, anovulation, and other problems related to the imbalance of female hormones. Vitex can be an excellent supplement for those diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome. The supplement can also be prescribed to women who stopped taking birth control pills and want to restore the normal ovulatory function, which can sometimes be problematic. The benefits of Vitex include:
- Lengthens the short luteal phase
- Increases progesterone levels
- Relieves PMS symptoms
- Reduces the progress of mild endometriosis
- Stabilizes the menstrual cycle
How should Vitex be taken?
It is usually recommended to take Vitex once daily in the morning about half an hour before eating breakfast. The supplement should be consumed for at least a month every day to see the improvement. Vitex is available in different forms but two of the most convenient ones are the tincture and capsules. When it comes to the dosage of Vitex tincture, the standard one is 60-90 drops a day. If Vitex is available in capsules, it is recommended to consume 900-1,000 mg a day.
Vitex can be taken by adult women of any age. It is important to remember that when taking a natural herb, such as Vitex, it is essential to make adjustments to one’s lifestyle to see the changes. A woman undergoing the treatment should exercise, boost the immune system by having a healthy and balanced diet, and avoid harmful habits, such as smoking or excessive drinking.
Another natural fertility treatment that deserves the mention is Maca. Made from the root-like vegetable growing in Peru, this powder supplement has been known for a number of health benefits, including the improvement of fertility. Maca contains over 30 minerals and numerous phytonutrients, which makes it an incredibly valuable supplement that helps support the endocrine system and achieve the balance of hormones. The benefits of Maca supplement include:
- Improves the thyroid function
- Stabilizes the hormones, which leads to better fertility
- Boosts the stamina and increases the energy levels
- Supports the libido and sexual function
- Improves the ability of the body to deal with stress
How should Maca be taken?
The most convenient way to consume Maca powder is to get it in capsules. It is generally advised to take 500-3000 mg of Maca in a single dosage during a day. It is better to consume the supplement before 3 pm so that it doesn’t affect the sleep due to its stimulating influence.
Synthetic fertility drugs at Canadian Pharmacies
There are situations when natural supplements do not give the needed results in the treatment of fertility. In this case, modern synthetic drugs can be absolutely life-changing.
Clomid is one of the most widely prescribed drugs for the treatment of ovulatory dysfunction in females that want to get pregnant. Clomid features the active ingredient clomiphene citrate, and the exact dosage of the drug should be determined by a medical specialist depending on the severity of the problem. However, there are some general guidelines. During the first course of treatment, the dosage of 50 mg a day for five days is usually prescribed to patients. If the ovulation wasn’t induced after five days, the second course involving 100 mg of Clomid is administered for five more days. Depending on how a patient reacts to these courses, additional ones can be prescribed. Generally, the maximum number of repeated 5-day treatments is from three to six.
Provera is the drug that includes the active ingredient medroxyprogesterone acetate and it is used for the treatment of a number of conditions that can cause infertility in women, such as amenorrhea, endometriosis, and abnormal bleeding. In addition to that, the drug can be consumed for the treatment of menopause symptoms (hot flushes, sweating, etc.). The dosage of the drug depends on the condition that is being treated:
- Amenorrhea – 2.5 to 10 mg a day for 10 days and the cycle of treatment is usually repeated three times.
- Endometriosis – 10 mg three times a day for 90 days. It is important to start the treatment on the first day of the menstrual cycle.
- Abnormal uterine bleeding – 2.5 to 10 mg a day for 10 days. The treatment is usually repeated 2-3 times.
Prometrium is the medication featuring the active ingredient dydrogesterone, which is the micronized progesterone that is derived from yam plants. Progesterone is the female sex hormone, which plays an essential role in the ability to conceive a child, which is why the lack of this chemical can lead to infertility. The active ingredient of Prometrium is bio-identical to progesterone that is produced in the female body, which is why it can be effectively used to support the reproductive system.
Just like other fertility drugs, the dosage of Prometrium is selected based on which condition is treated and how severe the symptoms are. For instance, the standard treatment for endometrial hyperplasia is 200 mg as a single dosage before going to bed for 12 days. Secondary amenorrhea can be treated with the 400-mg dosage taken before going to bed for 10 days.
Duphaston is the hormonal drug that is a steroidal progestin and it is used in the treatment of a number of conditions, including infertility in women. The health issues for the treatment of which Duphaston is prescribed include endometriosis, menstrual disorders, premenstrual syndrome, and threatened abortion.
When it comes to the dosage of Duphaston, it’s important that you follow your medical advisor’s recommendations, as the duration and dosage can vary depending on which condition you treat that causes infertility. Duphaston comes in 10-mg tablets that should be consumed with plenty of water regardless of the meals.
As it was mentioned previously, it’s important to start the treatment using any of the fertility drugs only after a thorough physical examination so that you know exactly which health issue you are treating.